5 ways Theme Parks could embrace blockchain technology, and why they should

The theme park world has been known to embrace all forms of new technology, from Virtual Reality in rides to recommendation systems on mobile apps and the famous touchless payment technology like Disney’s Magic Bands that now pervades all major theme parks globally. But while the methods of delivering the theme park experience are as advanced as they come in any industry, the systems behind all of it are sorely lacking. The experience of booking tickets and organising the visit is often a lot more stressful than it needs to be, and anything that minimises this process is likely to be well received.

Meanwhile, the digital world is undergoing a change in the way it stores information and makes financial transactions. A technology known broadly as ‘blockchain‘ is gaining more and more attention amongst development circles, and it promises a new way of interacting with data altogether free of server costs or security issues. You’ve probably heard of the first major application of the blockchain known as Bitcoin – an

A diagram of how the blockchain works.

entirely digital currency given value by those who use it. But for all the hype you’ve heard about Bitcoin, this is only the very pointy tip of a continent sized iceberg. The next iteration of cryptocurrency is called Ethereum, and its applications to the theme park world are far ranging and incredible.

1. Ticketing

Ticketing is probably the most obvious application of the blockchain to the operations of theme parks. There are already a range of interesting Ethereum based ‘dapps‘ that promise ticketing services for music festivals and concerts at a fraction of the price of current services. Because the blockchain only ever allows one copy of a digital property (such as a ticket to a theme park), users can have a password protected wallet on their phone (which is pretty much how you do everything with these dapps) that contains the digital tickets signed by the park which are scanned at the gate, at which time the payment transfer is finalised between the guest’s wallet and the theme park’s. No id, no paper tickets, just a secure decentralised system approved by consensus.

What’s more, these digital tickets don’t have to be bought all at once or even by the same person. A guest  who knows they want to go to the park a year out can make a promise to buy a ticket, which they can then pay off at their will over the remaining time they have. The blockchain can easily store the payment history of the guest without any specific human approval or oversight.

Now that your tickets are digital assets that you don’t need to keep an eye on, you can pretty much allow people to do whatever they want with them. Ethereum has the ability to run ‘smart contracts’ (executable code with instructions to carry out actions based on triggers), so any time someone sells on your park’s tickets at a profit you can get a cut. Say you take 50% of any resales as part of the contract when you sell the ticket. On popular days that ticket might go through any number of hands, and you are making money each time without any effort while also allowing others to make money from their good predictions.

2. Ride fastpass tracking and swaps

Similar to theme park ticketing, fastpass tickets for ride queues  like this one at Universal, or the equivalent at Walt Disney World can be entirely controlled through smart contracts giving them much more flexibility than the current systems. The current system has a whole range of books and forums dedicated to how to game it, with people spending hours trying to get the best ride times and cover the rest of their favourite rides through careful planning. It surely doesn’t need to be so stressful.

But what if everything switched over to a bidding system with every guest given equal opportunity to start with? You could provide guests with some tokens to spend on fastpasses when they buy a ticket, then use a demand based system for the token cost of each ride in the park. The hardcore fans can spend all their tokens on doing the newest ride at the most popular times, while the kids can spend theirs on riding the Jungle Cruise for the five millionth time. Now that you’ve established a within-park market for ride times, there’s nothing stopping you from selling additional tokens to guests buying premium packages, or to their relatives wishing them a good holiday.

The cool thing about this is that you get a lot more information about which rides people really wanted to go on, because you can track the ‘price’ and watch them trading with each other. This would let you start really improving your recommendations to them, giving them indications of rides they might like and good times to ride them that suit their intended schedule.

3. Create a theme park currency

You can probably see where all this is heading – a theme park currency that can be used at any of the park owner’s subsidiary and affiliate businesses. A majority of people that

Disney Dollars, not such a great investment.

visit premium parks now download the app before they go so they can organise their day and use the map. It’s not a great step for that app to become a digital wallet that visitors can use in your parks, stores and even online platforms. What makes this a digital currency rather than the old school version of ‘park dollars’, these could be exchanged back into local currency anywhere someone wants to set up an exchange. On its own the prospect of having a future corporate currency that could be more stable than many local governments is interesting, but the immediate benefits are still compelling. Once you transfer your ticketing, fastpasses, merchandising and digital distribution payments through one channel that doesn’t require a bank, your accounting suddenly becomes a lot simpler.

The concept is especially exciting for larger brands who may not have a park but do have a store in a particular country. The park currency can be used in all these stores without having to make special banking or business arrangements, allowing for much faster expansion into new markets. With incredibly low transfer costs between countries, theme parks that embrace blockchain would be able to capitalise on the post-visit experience much more effectively.

4. Audience surveys with meaning

One of the most popular early uses of the Ethereum cryptocurrency was as a voting system. Rather than a one person one vote approach, The DAO (the earliest manifestation of an Ethereum organisation) used a share based system where those with more coins had more vote. While this may not be exactly what you want for your theme park, having a good knowledge of what the highest spenders in your park are looking for is a useful thing. On top of that, you might also see a groundswell of grassroots support from lower-spending guests  (like Universal saw with the opening of Harry Potter worlds in Florida) which would give you an indication that you need to build a ride with high throughput  that doesn’t need a lot of stores nearby. Whatever the outcome, an audience survey with the answers weighted by how much they have invested in your company is a hell of a lot more useful than standing around on corners asking people how they feel without having a clue how valuable they are to you.

5. Turn everyone into an ambassador

Once you have your audience used to using your park’s currency and it’s gained some value, there’s more and more benefit to offering what are essentially cash rewards for advertising and information about your park. This could be as basic as forwarding coins to a wallet linked to a twitter account that posts lost of highly retweeted content, or as sophisticated as a real time rewards for advice about park waiting times, incident reports, and events. There are already dozens of forums online vying to be the expert of

Flashmobs, in case you want to travel back to 2013.

one park or another, why not bring it all into your own app ecology and reward your guests for their effort?
You could create flashmobs in the park with your most loyal fans by incentivising them with tokens, as could any guest with enough tokens and approval from the park’s digital protocols. There is no end to the ways people could build secondary and tertiary businesses around your brand, and with the right protocols you wouldn’t need to spend a cent on protecting it.

There’s a massive range of ways which theme parks can use blockchain technology, and it’s exciting to imagine what the future might hold. What other ways could theme parks use this type of technology, and should they be looking at this at all? It would be great to hear your opinion.